Jeff Miller

GMAT OFFICIAL GUIDE DS – If k is an integer…

If k is an integer…

Solution:

We are given that k is between 56 and 66. We must determine the value of k.

Statement One Alone: 

If k were divided by 2, the remainder would be 1.

This means k must be an odd number. However, since 56 < k < 66, k can be any odd integer between 56 and 66, which means that k could be 57, 59, 61, 63, or 65. Statement one is not sufficient to determine a value of k. We can eliminate answer choices A and D.

Statement Two Alone: 

If k + 1 were divided by 3 the remainder would be 0.

This means k + 1 is a multiple of 3. However, since 56 < k < 66, there is more than one value between 56 and 66 that, when increased by 1, will be a multiple of 3. For example, since 60, 63 and 66 are all multiples of 3, we see that k could be 59, 62 or 65. Since we have three possible values for k, statement two is not sufficient to answer the question. We can eliminate answer choice B.

Statements One and Two Together: 

From statement one we know that k can be 57, 59, 61, 63, or 65, and from statement two we know that k could be 59, 62 or 65. From the combined statements, then, k could be either 59 or 65; thus, we can’t determine a unique value for k. Statements one and two together are not sufficient to answer the question.

Answer: E

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