Scott Woodbury-Stewart

GMAT OFFICIAL GUIDE PS – A tank contains 10,000 gallons of a solution that is 5 percent…

A tank contains 10,000 gallons of a solution that is 5 percent…

Solution:

We start with 10,000 gallons of a solution that is 5% sodium chloride by volume. This means that there are 0.05 x 10,000 = 500 gallons of sodium chloride.

When 2,500 gallons of water evaporate we are left with 7,500 gallons of solution. From here we can determine what percent of the 7,500 gallon solution is sodium chloride.

(sodium chloride/total solution) x 100 = ?

(500/7,500) x 100 = ?

5/75 x 100 = ?

1/15 x 100 = ?

100/15 = 20/3 = 6 2/3 = 6.67%

Answer: D