Jeff Miller

GMAT OFFICIAL GUIDE PS – If n = 4p, where p is prime number greater than 2…

If n = 4p, where p is prime number greater than 2…

Solution:

This is an interesting question because we are immediately given the option to insert any prime number we wish for p. Since this is a problem-solving question, and there can only be one correct answer, we can select any value for p, as long as it is a prime number greater than 2. We always want to work with small numbers, so we should select 3 for p. Thus, we have:

n = 4 x 3

n = 12

Next we have to determine all the factors, or divisors, of P. Remember the term factor is synonymous with the term divisor.

1, 12, 6, 2, 4, 3

From this we see that we have 4 even divisors: 12, 6, 2, and 4.

If you are concerned that trying just one value of p might not substantiate the answer, try another value for p. Let’s say p = 5, so

n = 4 x 5

n = 20

The divisors of 20 are: 1, 20, 2, 10, 4, 5. Of these, 4 are even: 20, 2, 10 and 4. As we can see, again we have 4 even divisors.

No matter what the value of p, as long as it is a prime number greater than 2, n will always have 4 even divisors.

Answer: C