Jeff Miller

GMAT OFFICIAL GUIDE PS – If O is the center of the circle above, what fraction…

If O is the center of the circle above, what fraction…

Solution:

In solving this problem there are three angle rules that we must consider.

1) A circle measures a total of 360 degrees.

2) A straight angle measures 180 degrees.

3) Vertical angles, angles that are directly opposite one another, are always equal.

To solve, we can draw out a quick diagram of just the angles:

Based on the angles we created, we know two important pieces of information:

1) angle A and 150 degrees sum to 180 degrees because they form a straight angle. Thus, angle A = 30 degrees.

2) angle A = angle B because they are vertical angles. Thus angle B = 30 degrees.

With this information we see that the shaded region represents 60 out of 360 degrees of the circle, or 60/360 = 1/6.

Answer: C