# The average (arithmetic mean) of 10, 30, and 50 is 5 more…

## Solution:

Let’s first determine the average of 10, 30, and 50, using the average formula.

average = sum/quantity

average = (10+30+50)/3

average = 90/3

average = 30

We can now rephrase the question to ask: “30 is 5 more than the average of 20, 40, and what value?” Let’s label the missing value as n and create an equation.

30 = (20+40+n)/3 + 5

25 = (20+40+n)/3

75 = 60 + n

15 = n

**Answer: A**

#### About The Author

Scott Woodbury-Stewart is the founder & CEO of Target Test Prep. A passionate teacher who is deeply invested in the success of his students, Scott began his career teaching physics, chemistry, math, and biology. Since then, he has spent more than a decade helping students gain entry into the world’s top business schools, logging 10,000+ hours of GMAT instruction. Scott also served as lead content developer and curriculum architect for the revolutionary quant course Target Test Prep GMAT Quant.