Jeff Miller

GMAT OFFICIAL GUIDE PS – In the figure shown, the triangle is inscribed in…

In the figure shown, the triangle is inscribed in…

Solution:

Let’s begin by sketching the given picture.

We are given that triangle ABC is inscribed in the semicircle. Since a triangle inscribed in a semicircle is always a right triangle, triangle ABC is a right triangle. Therefore, AC is both the hypotenuse of triangle ABC and the diameter of the semicircle. We are also given that side AB = 8 and that side BC = 6. With that information, we can conclude that triangle ABC is a 6-8-10 right triangle, in which side AC = 10.

We need to determine the length of arc ABC, or, in other words, the length of half of the circumference of the circle. Since the diameter is 10, the radius is 5. We use the circumference formula C = 2∏r to obtain 10∏ as the circumference of the entire circle. The length of arc ABC is half of the circumference; therefore, its value is 5∏.

Answer: E

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